This information is very helpful. Does anyone know where someone can go to find professional editors? How does one know if an editor is good or not before hand? We have things like Agentquery.com and the AAR for finding the good agents from the bad. Is there any such thing for editors?
Professional editors come in all forms, so when considering hiring someone to work with, research him or her thoroughly before going any further. You can check the Internet, including sites hosted by various writers’ organizations and professional editor/publishing organization sites—we don’t have a particular site or resource in mind. Word of mouth among writers, sometimes at conferences, is another way to find an editor. This last item is also a good way to find out if the editor is successful at what he/she does, although keep in mind that an editor who works well with someone you know might not be the right choice for you. You will need to pick an editor with whom you can work, and someone might be great at book editing, but not be the right fit for you in particular. Personality comes into play here, just as it does with any learning experience.
Here are some questions you might ask a potential editor: Do you edit what I write? How many books have you edited that went on to be published and who published them? Do you have references? What is your background in publishing? Do you have a list of authors you have worked with?
Please note that much has been written on self-editing; however, this is very difficult because the writer is usually too close to his or her own writing. “Novelist” is a profession, and every profession requires specialized education. It is difficult, for instance, to become a lawyer, a doctor, a tax consultant, or a real estate salesman without extra education in these areas. Working toward becoming a professional novelist also requires extra education. With this as a given, one of the best ways advance the quality of your writing rapidly is to use your own writing as your textbook. Your teacher, in this case, is someone who reads, finds the mistakes you are making, discusses with or marks them for you**, and you revise to correct them. This is what you want a professional editor to do for you—become your novelist instructor. Education is expensive but if viewed as an educational experience rather than a charge to forward you toward publication, which may or may not happen no matter how much you revise, the cost becomes more justifiable.
Hope this helps.
**If you are still in the stage of your writing career where you are looking for someone to catch grammar, punctuation, and mechanics errors, you are really not ready for a professional editor. Critique groups can help you with these items. Professional editors can mark these, but work more on honing writing technique and mastering the craft and elements of your type of fiction or nonfiction. These may include, but are not limited to: structure, plot, characterization, dialogue, narrative, exposition, beginnings, middles and ends, overwriting, voice, style, pacing, and description.